Wednesday, 03 May 2017 21:56

What is the kaffaarah for breaking an oath? What would be a good way to pay?

Question:

As salaamu ’alaykum,

What is the kaffaarah for breaking an oath where you did something that you swore you wouldn’t do? I heard it is feeding 10 poor people. Could you please specify a US dollar amount that would be a good amount to count for each meal? Also what would be a good way to pay? Do you have to look for a poor person directly (which will be very difficult in my area) or can you for example put the money in the sadaqa box (not the box for the Mosque fund, this is a separate box for charity for the poor) at a mosque?

 

Answer:

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

الجواب حامدا ومصليا ومسلما

Wa ‘alaykum as salaam wa rahmatullahi wa barakaatuh,

The kaffarah for breaking such an oath where a person takes the name of Allah that he/she will do or refrain from a certain act, is to do one of the following three things:

(1)  Free a slave (which is not applicable these days)

(2)  Feed 10 poor individuals two average meals

This can be done in different ways. For example, the person may feed 10 different individuals two meals in one day or feed one individual two meals for 10 days. It must be noted that if one needy person is given 10 days' worth of food in one day, this will not suffice for the kaffarah.

Regarding a specific dollar amount for the meals that you would feed, this amount would vary from place to place. The idea is to give the individuals two average meals or half a saa’ of wheat (which is 3 lbs.). One may determine the price in his/her own locality.

If one is unaware of the needy individuals of the community, he/she should consult the local Masjid administration. Since they will usually be more informed, they will be able to direct him/her to those needy individuals.

(3)  Clothe 10 poor individuals moderate clothing

If a person is unable to fulfill any of the above three (freeing a slave, feeding the poor, clothing the poor), then they may fast three consecutive days as an expiation of the broken oath.

والله اعلم

And Allah subhanahu wa ta'ala knows best.

Waqas Memon

Approved by Mufti Husain Ahmad Madani

 

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